院士亲授 | 如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文前言

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文



院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

Part 1.如何高效地开展一个科研项目?



 “I found that I often had to go back to check my experimental results or equations when things go wrong. Failure is non-optional. In my opinion, the tenacity a research student gains during his or her research, in terms of being able to hang on to a problem and not let go, is probably the greatest value-add of a research degree.”


为每个研究项目提出一个主要问题,例如 “how does x change when y …”。

 “The question you ask will lead you in drastically different directions. For example, in considering sensing problems one can ask the questions ‘how has the analyte concentration changed?’ or ‘what are the substances present in the system?’.” 



 “There’s no point in making beautiful samples if you cannot characterize them. For my spoof plasmon sensing project, I remember that I had to get the terahertz spectrometer working before I even started.”





院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

Part 2.如何写出一篇好的科研论文?





“I find myself treating a paper like a presentation. I ask myself, ‘what are the 3 things that I want to tell people?’ Not 20, 10 or 5 things. Just 3.”






•To make your paper readable;

•To stay focused on the paper research topic;

•To use paragraphs to separate each important point;

•To present your points in a logical order;

•To avoid informal wording.


(paper plan)

论文计划中要明确论文的目标(objective), 创新点(novelty)和影响力(impact)。

1)Highly dependent on target journals

• Letter, article or review papers;

• Low, middle or high impact journals;

• Mostly theoretical journal (like PRL) or experimental Journal (like OE).

2)Must be like a story: all parts must be coherent and connected.

3)Must answer a scientific question:

• A claim that answers the question;

• Evidence data;

• Reasoning that involves a “rule” or scientific principle that describes why theevidence supports the claim.




• Normally 15 words;

• Brief (short & sharp) phrase describing and reflecting the contents of the paper;

• Concise and informative;

• Avoid abbreviations, prepositions and formulae where possible.



• Purpose of the study – hypothesis, overall question and objective;

• Scope of the experiments and methodology;

• Major results and findings, including specific and key data;

• Important conclusions (with research limitations and implications (if applicable).


• To stand on its own, not refer to figure or table in the paper;

• To focus on summarizing results;

• To be consistent with what you will report in the paper;

• Avoid words like: highest, best, first, it is the record (unless it is a Nature or Science paper);

• Highlight impact on society, policy and future work.

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文



•Normally 1~1.5 pages;

•Provides insights to current or past problems;

•Provides comprehensive literature reviewAt least 15~20 references cited with most current literatures;

•To describe the importance (significance) of the study;

•To defend your model, organism or system with the advantages;

•To provide a rationale. State your specific hypothesis or objective, and describe the reasons that led you to select them;

•Objective must appear in the last paragraph.


•To use past tense except when referring to established facts;

•To organize your ideas, making one major point in one paragraph;

•All major relevant papers must be cited;

•To present background information only as needed;

•To state the hypothesis and objective precisely and clearly;

•To ensure correct spelling, clarity & appropriateness of the sentences and phases;

•Never directly deny pervious published results.

Materials and Methods(材料与方法)



•To use the third person passive voice;

•To use normal prose in this and other sections of the paper;

•To avoid informal lists and use complete sentences;

•Materials and methods are not a set of instructions;

•No explanatory information, which is for the discussion.




•To summarize the findings in text, illustrate with figures & tables;

•To describe the results to the observations that are most relevant.


To explain clearly;

•Never to include raw data or intermediate calculations;

•Do not present the same data more than once.


•To use past tense for your results, and put them in a logical order;

•To place figures and tables, being properly numbered.

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

I do not know where to go,

but I have been on the road. 


Figure designs(图片设计)


•Always check the format of published papers in target journals: Is it better to design vertical, horizontal or square figures?

•Figure captions: sharp and sweet: meanwhile, all presented data must be quoted.



•To decide if each hypothesis is supported, rejected, or if you cannot make a decision with confidence;

•Research papers are not accepted if the work is incomplete. Draw what conclusions you can have based upon your results and treat the study as a finished work;

•You may suggest future research directions;

•To explain your observations as much as possible, focusing on mechanisms;

•The experimental design adequately addressed the hypothesis;

•To offer alternative explanations.




•Study objectives;

•Study practical and implications;

•How the paper advances research in this area? What is unique?

•Recommendations for future works.



•Contributions to the research should be acknowledged.

•Non‐research contributions are not appropriate for acknowledgment.

A Graphic for the Table of Contents (TOC):

许多高影响力的期刊会要求作者提供 TOC图片。


1. Be in conjunction with the manuscript title;

2. Give the reader a summary of the research described in the paper.


1. Straight forward and easy to be understood;

2. Colourful and eye-catching;

3. Highlight the main message of the paper;

4. Minimum (most important) scientific data.

Good examples:

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

ACS Nano, 7 (12), 11138–11146 (2013) 

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

Nano Letters, 12 (4), 2101-2106 (2012)

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

Part 3: 个人经验分享 


1) Work hard and smart;

2) Keep reading and writing. Everyday read and write each for two hours;

3) Keep improving, if your manuscript is rejected, analyze reviewers’comments, revise, update your research results at once and submit the revised manuscript to another journal ASAP; 

4) Think bigger pictures and aim at higher impact;

5) Have more research partners at different research fields and build a more extensive research network;

6) Weekly report and weekly seminar;

7) To have more discussion with your supervisor (at least once a week);

8) To mainly read papers being published in top ~ 10 journals in your field;

9) To challenge the published papers and find out their weakness and what need to be done but have not been done;

10) To keep in your mind that Great papers often come from ‘stupid’ ideas;

11) To extend knowledge scope and think wider scope, higher impact and deeper scientific understanding;

12) To attend more interest seminars and seek as many as possible helps to do together with others for the top impact papers;

13) To have your 5 years plan, 2 years plan, one year plan, half year plan,quarterly plan, monthly plan, weekly plan, and daily plan;

14) To review and tune your plans often;

15) To record data properly and process data ASAP after experiment;

16) To record down what are revised by your supervisors, seniors and manuscript reviewers.

院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文


院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文

洪明辉院士,新加坡国立大学终身正教授,新加坡工程院院士,激光光学领域的著名学者和领军人物,曾担任新加坡国立大学工学院助理院长,长期从事激光微纳加工及检测技术的研究。在Nature及其子刊, Chemical Reviews, Nano Letters,Advanced Materials,ACS Nano等国际一流学术刊物发表论文400余篇,合著15部专著;现为美国光学学会会士(OSA Fellow)、国际光学工程学会会士(SPIE Fellow),国际光子和激光工程学会会士(IAPLE Fellow)和副主席,以及新加坡工程师协会会士和副主席。担任《光电工程》和Opto-Electronic Advances的执行主编,同时担任Light: Science & ApplicationsScientific ReportsJournal of Laser Micro/nanoengineering, 《中国科学: 物理学力学天文学》等高水平学术期刊编委。







院士亲授 |  如何打造高影响力的SCI论文